While each cloud security framework contains different standards and recommendations, there are some common best practices that all end-users should follow to protect their cloud data and applications.
Cloud security monitoring involves collecting real-time data from cloud platforms and infrastructure and analyzing that data to detect threats and vulnerabilities. Many major cloud providers offer built-in or add-on monitoring functionality for their particular platform. In a multi-cloud or hybrid cloud environment, it’s often more efficient to use a third-party, vendor-neutral monitoring solution that provides visibility into all cloud and on-premises systems from a single interface.
Role-Based Access Control
Role-based access control (RBAC) restricts user account privileges, so each employee only has access to the data and systems they need to perform their job function (or role). This prevents any one account from having access to too many cloud resources, limiting the damage caused if that account is compromised.
Data governance is a collection of policies, processes, and tools used to control who has access to cloud data and prevent that data from falling into the wrong hands. Data governance is a major component of cloud security frameworks for regulated industries like healthcare, finance, and defense.
Identity and Access Management
Identity and access management (IAM) includes policies and technologies used to control user access to business resources. An IAM solution provides critical cloud security features such as single sign-on (SSO), multi-factor authentication (MFA), and privileged access management.
Human error is responsible for up to 88% of data breaches. Employees fall for phishing scams, accidentally download malware, store passwords in insecure locations, and make other mistakes that give cybercriminals an entry point to cloud systems and data. Training employees to spot social engineering attempts and follow good security practices will improve cloud security.