CI and HCI systems bring the three core aspects of a hyperscale data center -- compute, storage, and networking -- into a single solution. The CI and HCI systems replace a mix of diverse and often disconnected systems and management tools. As enterprise data centers continue the transition to private clouds, server and data center consolidation makes use of virtualization to allow many more workloads to operate on far fewer physical servers. System convergence makes use of newest industry IP architectures and interface protocols to optimize applications such as low latency database queries and deep learning. Hardware integration for CI and HCI systems uses a new class of optimized processors, advanced memory technology IP, IP interfaces, NVMe SSDs, and cache coherent accelerators.
To integrate processor IP, advanced memory IP, connectivity IP, NVMe storage, and cache coherent accelerators for CI and HCI systems, SoC designers need to consider technology tradeoffs, such as cost, power, performance, and development schedule. Figure 3 shows an advanced AI server SoC encompassing a host processor, security algorithm, system memory, connectivity, and accelerators.