Road vehicles have long been considered one of the most challenging types of development projects. The tight interaction between electrical and mechanical components and the inherent safety requirements of high-speed/high-power operation are just the baseline issues. Layered on top of that are the many challenges of the physical environment: wide temperature and humidity range, noise, vibration and aging of components. The rapid rise of electric vehicles (EVs) has removed some issues, such as reliance on a highly flammable fuel, but replaced them with hazardous high voltages and currents from large battery packs, with the risk of thermal run-away and fire. It has also added new challenges. The electronic content of EVs can be considerably higher than those with internal combustion engines. The interaction among all components of the vehicle includes feedback loops unique to the EV configuration.