Popular SDLC methodologies include agile, lean, waterfall, iterative, and spiral.
The agile methodology
The agile methodology produces ongoing release cycles, each featuring small, incremental changes from the previous release. At each iteration, the product is tested. The agile model helps teams identify and address small issues in projects before they evolve into more significant problems. Teams can also engage business stakeholders and get their feedback throughout the development process.
The lean methodology
The lean methodology for software development is inspired by lean manufacturing practices and principles. The lean principles encourage creating better flow in work processes and developing a continuous improvement culture. The seven lean principles are:
- Eliminate waste.
- Amplify learning.
- Make decisions as late as possible.
- Deliver as fast as possible.
- Empower your team.
- Build integrity in.
- Build holistically.
The waterfall methodology
Waterfall represents the oldest, simplest, and most structured SDLC methodology. Each phase depends on the outcome of the previous phase, and all phases run sequentially. The model provides discipline and gives a tangible output at the end of each phase. However, this model doesn’t work well when flexibility is a requirement. There is little room for change once a phase is deemed complete, as changes can affect the cost, delivery time, and quality of the software.
The iterative methodology
In the iterative process, each development cycle produces an incomplete but deployable version of the software. The first iteration implements a small set of the software requirements, and each subsequent version adds more requirements. The last iteration contains the complete requirement set.
The spiral methodology
In the spiral development model, the development process is driven by the unique risk patterns of a project. The development team evaluates the project and determines which elements of the other process models to incorporate.