A terrorist hacks into the US Vice President’s pacemaker to murder him. It happened on the Showtime series Homeland, but could it happen in real life? Most security experts agree that such a scenario is highly unlikely or even downright impossible. However, that doesn’t mean you should ignore the real security risks that medical devices and systems introduce. They may not be as extreme as Hollywood portrayals, but security vulnerabilities and data breaches in medical devices and systems can put patient safety at risk and expose healthcare companies to data-disclosure and HIPAA regulatory risks.