Real-time Instruction and Data Tracing for ARCv2 ISA-based Processors
The DesignWare® ARC® Real-Time Trace (RTT) unit is a hardware module that provides a real-time tracing capability that helps trace executed instructions or program flow and data. It provides an added dimension to aid debugging of DesignWare ARC processors that are based on the ARCv2 instruction-set architecture (ISA). ARC RTT generates Nexus 5001 class 3-compliant trace messages. It supports real-time instruction and data tracing for all members of the ARC EM and ARC HS 32-bit processor families. ARC RTT is compatible with the ARC MetaWare and Lauterbach TRACE32 debuggers.
The ARC RTT supports single- and multi-core ARCv2 implementations, up to a maximum of four processors. The RTT system can be set up in many different configurations, which need to be specified as build-time configurations by including the trace generator in the core and the RTT module at build time. Everything is then automatically handled by the ARChitect tool. ARC RTT can support on- and off-chip memory setups to suit your application tracing needs.
Small Rapid Program Tracing Module Spots Hard-To-Find Bugs
Synopsys' DesignWare Small Real-Time Trace (SmaRT) is a hardware module that can be integrated into any system-on-chip (SoC) within the DesignWare ARC configurable architecture. Delivered via the DesignWare ARChitect configuration tool as an IP library component, it enables rapid software debug with minimal increase in die size and little power consumption penalty.
SmaRT gives developers the ability to trace program execution precisely in the real system. They can therefore diagnose bugs that are difficult to reproduce in system simulators, or only become apparent when the system is run at full speed.
The system works by recognizing any change of program flow control: the relevant source and destination instruction addresses are then recorded within a stack structure. When the processor is halted, the resultant execution history can be read back by the MetaWare debugger via the SoC's JTAG port: no special interfaces or external hardware are required.
DesignWare ARC Real-Time Trace Unit for ARCv2 Processors Datasheet
||Supported ARC Processors
|ARC Real-Time Trace (RTT) Option
||ARC EM Family
ARC HS Family
|ARC Small Real-Time Trace (SmaRT)
||ARC EM Family
ARC HS Family
ARC 600 Family
ARC 700 Family
Spot Hard-To-Find Bugs
Minimal Area and Power Penalty
- The ARC SmaRT and RTT modules record actual instruction flow, locations and makes them available via the MetaWare Debugger. The ability to trace the exact execution path allows engineers to identify and correct the toughest of bugs.
Easy To Integrate
- The ARC SmaRT and RTT trace units can be disabled in normal operation, reducing its impact in terms of power consumption to effectively zero. They have a minimal gate count impact on an SoC with small implementations being less than 8.5 K gates. This minimizes area and also power consumption. DesignWare SmaRT and RTT trace units utilize the SoC's existing JTAG port, so it requires no additional interface circuitry.
Easy To Use
- The ARC SmaRT and RTT are supplied as hardware RTL IP that can be included on-chip by a designer using the DesignWare ARChitect processor configurator tool. Using this GUI-based design tool allows them to be easily configured to suit their debugging needs within their SoC. The RTT trace unit supports up to four ARC cores.
- DesignWare SmaRT and RTT are both designed for use in conjunction with the MetaWare Debugger. The debugger can be used to switch tracing on and off as part of normal program execution, by setting a control bit. Trace results can be displayed in an intuitive fashion, along with other program information available to the debugger.